Wrapping libudev using LD_PRELOAD

Peter Hutterer and I were chasing down an X server bug which was exposed when running the libinput test suite against the X server with a separate thread for input. This was crashing deep inside libudev, which led us to suspect that libudev was getting run from multiple threads at the same time.

I figured I'd be able to tell by wrapping all of the libudev calls from the server and checking to make sure we weren't ever calling it from both threads at the same time. My first attempt was a simple set of cpp macros, but that failed when I discovered that libwacom was calling libgudev, which was calling libudev.

Instead of recompiling the world with my magic macros, I created a new library which exposes all of the (public) symbols in libudev. Each of these functions does a bit of checking and then simply calls down to the 'real' function.

Finding the real symbols

Here's the snippet which finds the real symbols:

static void *udev_symbol(const char *symbol)
    static void *libudev;
    static pthread_mutex_t  find_lock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

    void *sym;
    if (!libudev) {
        libudev = dlopen("libudev.so.1.6.4", RTLD_LOCAL | RTLD_NOW);
    sym = dlsym(libudev, symbol);
    return sym;

Yeah, the libudev version is hard-coded into the source; I didn't want to accidentally load the wrong one. This could probably be improved...

Checking for re-entrancy

As mentioned above, we suspected that the bug was caused when libudev got called from two threads at the same time. So, our checks are pretty simple; we just count the number of calls into any udev function (to handle udev calling itself). If there are other calls in process, we make sure the thread ID for those is the same as the current thread.

static void udev_enter(const char *func) {
    assert (udev_running == 0 || udev_thread == pthread_self());
    udev_thread = pthread_self();
    udev_func[udev_running] = func;

static void udev_exit(void) {
    if (udev_running == 0)
    udev_thread = 0;
    udev_func[udev_running] = 0;

Wrapping functions

Now, the ugly part -- libudev exposes 93 different functions, with a wide variety of parameters and return types. I constructed a hacky macro, calls for which could be constructed pretty easily from the prototypes found in libudev.h, and which would construct our stub function:

#define make_func(type, name, formals, actuals)         \
    type name formals {                     \
    type ret;                       \
    static void *f;                     \
    if (!f)                         \
        f = udev_symbol(__func__);              \
    udev_enter(__func__);                   \
    ret = ((typeof (&name)) f) actuals;         \
    udev_exit();                        \
    return ret;                     \

There are 93 invocations of this macro (or a variant for void functions) which look much like:

make_func(struct udev *,
      (struct udev *udev),

Using udevwrap

To use udevwrap, simply stick the filename of the .so in LD_PRELOAD and run your program normally:

# LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/libudevwrap.so Xorg 

Source code

I stuck udevwrap in my git repository:


You can clone it using

$ git git://keithp.com/git/udevwrap