Picolibc Hello World Example

It's hard to get started building applications for embedded RISC-V and ARM systems. You need to at least:

  1. Find and install the toolchain

  2. Install a C library

  3. Configure the compiler for the right processor

  4. Configure the compiler to select the right headers and libraries

  5. Figure out the memory map for the target device

  6. Configure the linker to place objects in the right addresses

I've added a simple 'hello-world' example to picolibc that shows how to build something that runs under qemu so that people can test the toolchain and C library and see what values will be needed from their hardware design.

The Source Code

Getting text output from the application is a huge step in embedded system development. This example uses the “semihosting” support built-in to picolibc to simplify that process. It also explicitly calls exit so that qemu will stop when the demo has finished.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

    printf("hello, world\n");

The Command Line

The hello-world documentation takes the user through the steps of building the compiler command line, first using the picolibc.specs file to specify header and library paths:

gcc --specs=picolibc.specs

Next adding the semihosting library with the --semihost option (this is an option defined in picolibc.specs which places -lsemihost after -lc):

gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost

Now we specify the target processor (switching to the target compiler here as these options are target-specific):

riscv64-unknown-elf-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost -march=rv32imac -mabi=ilp32


arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost -mcpu=cortex-m3

The next step specifies the memory layout for our emulated hardware, either the 'spike' emulation for RISC-V:

riscv64-unknown-elf-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost -march=rv32imac -mabi=ilp32 -Thello-world-riscv.ld

with hello-world-riscv.ld containing:

__flash = 0x80000000;
__flash_size = 0x00080000;
__ram = 0x80080000;
__ram_size = 0x40000;
__stack_size = 1k;
INCLUDE picolibc.ld

or the mps2-an385 for ARM:

arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost -mcpu=cortex-m3 -Thello-world-arm.ld

with hello-world-arm.ld containing:

__flash =      0x00000000;
__flash_size = 0x00004000;
__ram =        0x20000000;
__ram_size   = 0x00010000;
__stack_size = 1k;
INCLUDE picolibc.ld

Finally, we add the source file name and target elf output:

riscv64-unknown-elf-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost
-march=rv32imac -mabi=ilp32 -Thello-world-riscv.ld -o
hello-world-riscv.elf hello-world.c

arm-none-eabi-gcc --specs=picolibc.specs --semihost
-mcpu=cortex-m3 -Thello-world-arm.ld -o hello-world-arm.elf


Picolibc tries to make things a bit simpler by offering built-in compiler and linker scripts along with default startup code to try and make building your first embedded application easier.